What is the full form of DNA | DNA full form | full form of DNA | DNA full details

DNA, deoxyribonucleic acid


DNA, which stands for deoxyribonucleic acid, is defined as a nucleic acid that contains the genetic code.


DNA is the instruction manual for how to build life from animals to plants to humans. It defines us. All Information is stored in DNA using four types of molecules (adenine [A] , thymine [T] , guanine [G] and cytosine [C]) which come in pairs. We have billions of these pairs. DNA folds itself into paired packages called chromosomes which are stored in the nucleus of cells. Each species has a different number of chromosomes. Humans have 46 chromosomes which contain our genes. Genes act as instructions for molecules called proteins. In humans genes vary in size from a few hundred DNA bases to more than two million bases and we have an estimated 20,000 to 25,000 of these genes passed during reproduction. Each person has two copies of each gene one inherited from each parent and most genes are the same in all people except for a small number of genes being slightly different. These small differences contribute to each person's unique physical characteristics varying from height color and personality traits. Some genes are dominant and some are recessive. Dominant genes are more often expressed as observable characteristics while recessive genes are often masked by dominant genes. The recessive genes are expressed when inherited from both parents. While we share 98% of our DNA with bonobos and chimpanzees we don't quite look like because that two percent equals thousands and thousands of different genes and while all humans share over 99% of our DNA with each other but we don't share is what makes us unique in our own way.

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